State of the Market

Performance statistics for the Thoroughbred sales market since 2000.

Results from North American Thoroughbred sales cumulatively and by horse type. Note that some sale horses fit multiple categories, such as racing/broodmare prospects, so the sum of individual horse type categories will not equal the cumulative results. Sale results may be incomplete but are updated throughout sale days. Last Updated:

Cumulative

Cumulative Includes all horse types for all available North American Thoroughbred sales.
Year Offered Sold RNAs Gross Average Average Pct.
vs. Prev. Year
Median
2018 5,122 3,900 1,222 $240,370,900 $61,634 -17.0 % $22,000
2017 18,196 13,423 4,773 $997,193,129 $74,290 12.1 % $22,000
2016 18,895 13,714 5,181 $908,686,182 $66,260 -1.2 % $20,000
2015 18,871 14,030 4,841 $941,038,637 $67,073 4.9 % $22,000
2014 19,371 14,723 4,648 $941,652,660 $63,958 -2.6 % $25,000
2013 17,464 13,968 3,496 $917,555,518 $65,690 20.7 % $25,000
2012 17,239 13,201 4,039 $718,407,726 $54,421 5.6 % $20,000
2011 18,739 14,134 4,605 $728,723,818 $51,558 23.7 % $15,000
2010 20,631 14,805 5,826 $617,292,260 $41,695 -0.7 % $11,500
2009 22,066 15,717 6,349 $659,913,611 $41,987 -21.0 % $10,500
2008 26,549 18,299 8,250 $972,823,522 $53,163 -8.6 % $13,000
2007 29,424 21,215 8,209 $1,234,507,605 $58,190 -2.1 % $15,000
2006 29,060 21,306 7,754 $1,266,918,841 $59,463 8.1 % $15,000
2005 28,273 20,718 7,555 $1,139,283,225 $54,990 5.7 % $13,138
2004 26,782 20,290 6,492 $1,055,132,219 $52,003 16.6 % $13,000
2003 25,788 19,184 6,604 $855,663,708 $44,603 7.3 % $10,000
2002 25,153 18,510 6,643 $769,643,030 $41,580 -6.1 % $10,000
2001 26,539 19,105 7,434 $845,917,306 $44,277 -14.1 % $9,000
2000 28,397 21,166 7,231 $1,091,153,819 $51,552 - $11,000

Weanlings

Weanlings Includes all weanlings offered through North American mixed sales.
Year Offered Sold RNAs Gross Average Average Pct.
vs. Prev. Year
Median
2018 0 0 0 $0 $0 - $0
2017 1,630 1,140 490 $73,590,850 $64,553 8.2 % $28,000
2016 1,588 1,025 563 $61,172,257 $59,680 -7.3 % $25,000
2015 1,653 1,134 519 $73,014,462 $64,387 17.4 % $21,000
2014 1,719 1,195 524 $65,526,322 $54,834 3.3 % $25,000
2013 1,418 1,163 255 $61,711,281 $53,062 31.5 % $28,000
2012 1,673 1,219 454 $49,200,415 $40,361 -23.0 % $20,000
2011 1,576 1,229 347 $64,421,877 $52,418 56.7 % $17,000
2010 1,868 1,352 516 $45,215,963 $33,444 -14.1 % $10,000
2009 1,912 1,302 610 $50,719,545 $38,955 4.0 % $12,500
2008 2,447 1,526 921 $57,172,168 $37,465 -15.6 % $10,000
2007 2,948 1,954 994 $86,770,649 $44,407 -10.5 % $17,000
2006 2,848 2,030 818 $100,753,143 $49,632 13.5 % $17,000
2005 2,562 1,824 738 $79,737,644 $43,716 19.0 % $15,000
2004 2,649 1,952 697 $71,730,989 $36,747 -6.7 % $15,000
2003 2,232 1,728 504 $68,058,938 $39,386 26.4 % $12,000
2002 2,029 1,575 454 $49,061,493 $31,150 14.6 % $11,000
2001 2,650 1,933 717 $52,534,780 $27,178 -23.9 % $7,000
2000 3,236 2,346 890 $83,758,024 $35,702 - $10,000

Yearlings

Yearlings Includes only yearlings offered at auction after July 1 of a given year.
Year Offered Sold RNAs Gross Average Average Pct.
vs. Prev. Year
Median
2018 0 0 0 $0 $0 - $0
2017 8,496 6,250 2,246 $466,748,034 $74,680 14.5 % $22,000
2016 8,734 6,199 2,535 $404,200,550 $65,204 -4.3 % $20,000
2015 8,538 6,244 2,294 $425,371,657 $68,125 7.6 % $24,000
2014 8,722 6,516 2,206 $412,411,193 $63,292 -1.2 % $25,000
2013 8,061 6,417 1,644 $411,128,630 $64,069 15.0 % $25,000
2012 7,785 5,975 1,810 $332,807,758 $55,700 9.0 % $21,000
2011 8,515 6,411 2,104 $327,751,931 $51,123 21.0 % $17,000
2010 9,776 6,941 2,835 $293,217,007 $42,244 -1.2 % $11,000
2009 10,411 7,186 3,225 $307,286,001 $42,762 -22.9 % $10,000
2008 11,707 8,071 3,636 $447,744,889 $55,476 -7.4 % $15,000
2007 12,284 8,969 3,315 $537,294,709 $59,906 -4.1 % $16,000
2006 12,220 8,897 3,323 $556,038,746 $62,497 5.1 % $15,000
2005 12,197 8,938 3,259 $531,402,996 $59,454 3.8 % $15,000
2004 11,169 8,371 2,798 $479,444,333 $57,274 10.7 % $15,000
2003 10,579 7,969 2,610 $412,298,914 $51,738 10.9 % $13,500
2002 11,157 8,137 3,020 $379,679,067 $46,661 -20.1 % $12,000
2001 11,139 7,899 3,240 $461,386,303 $58,411 -1.6 % $10,000
2000 11,349 8,513 2,836 $505,329,908 $59,360 - $13,000

Yearlings & 'Short Yearlings'

Yearlings & 'Short Yearlings' Includes the sales results of Thoroughbred yearlings offered during a calendar year through mixed and yearling auctions.
Year Offered Sold RNAs Gross Average Average Pct.
vs. Prev. Year
Median
2018 1,034 741 293 $21,461,100 $28,962 -58.0 % $10,000
2017 9,596 6,989 2,607 $481,704,934 $68,923 13.7 % $20,000
2016 9,812 6,963 2,849 $421,919,650 $60,595 -5.3 % $18,000
2015 9,355 6,875 2,480 $440,106,357 $64,015 8.2 % $22,000
2014 9,744 7,280 2,464 $430,538,043 $59,140 -1.5 % $22,000
2013 9,037 7,162 1,875 $429,839,780 $60,017 13.5 % $22,000
2012 8,560 6,571 1,989 $347,531,508 $52,889 11.1 % $20,000
2011 9,423 7,096 2,327 $337,828,156 $47,608 19.1 % $15,000
2010 10,744 7,567 3,177 $302,542,657 $39,982 -0.2 % $10,000
2009 11,437 7,897 3,540 $316,500,001 $40,079 -22.2 % $10,000
2008 13,184 9,092 4,092 $468,250,939 $51,501 -6.9 % $12,500
2007 13,988 10,160 3,828 $561,846,659 $55,300 -3.0 % $15,000
2006 13,950 10,160 3,790 $579,265,896 $57,014 3.8 % $14,000
2005 13,726 10,088 3,638 $553,928,546 $54,910 4.0 % $13,500
2004 12,524 9,412 3,112 $497,153,983 $52,821 9.8 % $13,207
2003 11,699 8,843 2,856 $425,251,514 $48,089 10.0 % $12,000
2002 12,123 8,941 3,182 $390,714,442 $43,699 -16.8 % $11,000
2001 12,608 9,002 3,606 $473,044,553 $52,549 -3.6 % $9,000
2000 12,642 9,529 3,113 $519,424,808 $54,510 - $11,500

2YOs In Training

2YOs In Training Results emphasize the 2-year-olds in training market by including only juveniles offered between March 1 and July 1. All other 2-year-olds are included in the ‘Racing Age’ section.
Year Offered Sold RNAs Gross Average Average Pct.
vs. Prev. Year
Median
2018 2,691 2,090 601 $187,475,600 $89,701 -6.1 % $40,000
2017 2,572 2,053 519 $196,148,000 $95,542 21.0 % $40,000
2016 2,992 2,227 765 $175,841,800 $78,959 -3.7 % $35,000
2015 2,908 2,218 690 $181,801,800 $81,967 13.1 % $37,000
2014 3,110 2,423 687 $175,654,000 $72,494 -1.8 % $35,000
2013 2,585 2,087 498 $154,098,850 $73,837 22.7 % $35,000
2012 2,733 2,134 599 $128,390,100 $60,164 15.1 % $27,000
2011 2,985 2,245 740 $117,319,250 $52,258 -2.0 % $22,000
2010 2,755 1,969 786 $104,969,800 $53,311 9.8 % $21,000
2009 3,219 2,269 950 $110,154,250 $48,547 -5.7 % $20,000
2008 3,554 2,461 1,093 $126,747,200 $51,502 -19.7 % $20,000
2007 4,115 2,777 1,338 $178,023,600 $64,106 20.9 % $22,000
2006 3,606 2,603 1,003 $138,046,050 $53,033 -14.8 % $24,000
2005 4,058 2,758 1,300 $171,638,500 $62,233 33.5 % $25,000
2004 3,383 2,512 871 $117,111,950 $46,621 17.5 % $20,000
2003 3,583 2,403 1,180 $95,317,621 $39,666 0.5 % $17,000
2002 3,266 2,157 1,109 $85,093,968 $39,450 1.0 % $18,000
2001 3,244 2,093 1,151 $81,770,304 $39,068 -9.7 % $20,000
2000 3,387 2,229 1,158 $96,432,714 $43,263 - $21,000

Racing Age

Racing Age Includes all horses of racing age plus horses cataloged as broodmare/racing prospects, stallion/racing prospects, and racing prospects. For 2-year-olds, this section excludes horses offered at 2-year-olds in training sales between March 1 and July 1, which are are aggregated in the ‘2YOS in Training’ section.
Year Offered Sold RNAs Gross Average Average Pct.
vs. Prev. Year
Median
2018 613 484 129 $17,957,500 $37,102 -56.2 % $10,500
2017 1,353 1,075 278 $91,128,342 $84,771 19.0 % $12,000
2016 1,469 1,195 274 $85,147,959 $71,254 4.1 % $15,000
2015 1,788 1,404 384 $96,057,806 $68,417 -2.6 % $15,000
2014 1,644 1,335 309 $93,765,801 $70,237 9.6 % $17,000
2013 1,536 1,246 290 $79,824,311 $64,064 -15.2 % $14,750
2012 1,291 1,027 264 $77,616,087 $75,576 19.0 % $9,000
2011 1,303 1,043 260 $66,230,913 $63,500 31.1 % $10,000
2010 1,479 1,094 385 $52,970,733 $48,419 0.1 % $8,000
2009 1,364 1,065 299 $51,510,773 $48,367 -44.2 % $9,000
2008 1,949 1,452 497 $125,880,279 $86,694 78.5 % $10,000
2007 1,749 1,402 347 $68,099,313 $48,573 -46.8 % $6,350
2006 2,182 1,752 430 $159,841,447 $91,234 52.3 % $8,500
2005 1,412 1,141 271 $68,361,795 $59,914 -13.1 % $5,300
2004 1,804 1,427 377 $98,340,012 $68,914 69.6 % $7,000
2003 1,801 1,402 399 $56,952,708 $40,622 -8.0 % $4,500
2002 1,730 1,354 376 $59,813,014 $44,175 3.2 % $6,200
2001 1,754 1,364 390 $58,371,043 $42,794 -23.0 % $5,500
2000 1,989 1,548 441 $86,013,937 $55,565 - $6,500

Broodmares

Broodmares Includes all female horses that have been bred or produced at least one foal plus broodmare prospects and broodmare/racing prospects.
Year Offered Sold RNAs Gross Average Average Pct.
vs. Prev. Year
Median
2018 1,197 917 280 $29,581,600 $32,259 -61.5 % $10,000
2017 3,876 2,809 1,067 $235,390,920 $83,799 7.9 % $17,000
2016 3,944 3,029 915 $235,153,228 $77,634 12.5 % $15,000
2015 4,271 3,278 993 $226,283,725 $69,031 -10.3 % $18,000
2014 4,158 3,302 856 $254,115,256 $76,958 -7.9 % $20,000
2013 3,840 3,080 760 $257,394,582 $83,570 27.6 % $20,000
2012 3,723 2,832 892 $185,440,312 $65,480 -0.4 % $12,000
2011 4,147 3,057 1,090 $200,982,831 $65,745 48.6 % $11,000
2010 4,502 3,364 1,138 $148,870,250 $44,254 -1.6 % $10,000
2009 4,810 3,721 1,089 $167,418,325 $44,993 -22.3 % $9,300
2008 6,329 4,477 1,852 $259,221,916 $57,901 -17.5 % $10,500
2007 7,287 5,448 1,839 $382,514,906 $70,212 9.1 % $12,000
2006 7,428 5,536 1,892 $356,423,900 $64,383 9.5 % $11,000
2005 6,923 5,236 1,687 $307,792,388 $58,784 6.0 % $9,750
2004 6,720 5,241 1,479 $290,668,032 $55,460 27.8 % $9,000
2003 6,699 5,004 1,695 $217,190,403 $43,403 4.9 % $6,500
2002 6,126 4,602 1,524 $190,453,302 $41,385 10.8 % $6,700
2001 6,612 4,980 1,632 $185,970,143 $37,343 -32.2 % $6,500
2000 7,343 5,681 1,662 $313,066,089 $55,108 - $9,000

Stallions

Stallions Includes active stallions, stallion prospects, and stallion/racing prospects.
Year Offered Sold RNAs Gross Average Average Pct.
vs. Prev. Year
Median
2018 37 32 5 $488,800 $15,275 -65.1 % $8,000
2017 138 123 15 $5,383,100 $43,765 11.8 % $20,000
2016 161 141 20 $5,521,083 $39,157 6.2 % $20,000
2015 189 152 37 $5,602,424 $36,858 -12.4 % $13,500
2014 141 127 14 $5,345,518 $42,091 -17.8 % $20,000
2013 166 141 25 $7,223,700 $51,232 134.2 % $20,000
2012 136 112 24 $2,449,600 $21,871 -24.0 % $8,000
2011 127 108 19 $3,107,700 $28,775 5.9 % $12,750
2010 177 149 28 $4,048,883 $27,174 42.1 % $8,900
2009 148 126 22 $2,408,715 $19,117 -11.5 % $9,750
2008 194 151 43 $3,260,759 $21,594 -13.0 % $9,000
2007 210 173 37 $4,292,200 $24,810 -63.3 % $9,000
2006 156 139 17 $9,406,300 $67,671 266.8 % $10,000
2005 174 139 35 $2,564,241 $18,448 -54.8 % $2,400
2004 183 157 26 $6,413,401 $40,850 262.8 % $10,000
2003 178 153 25 $1,722,650 $11,259 -7.8 % $5,000
2002 197 167 30 $2,040,340 $12,218 -25.3 % $4,400
2001 223 198 25 $3,239,950 $16,363 56.8 % $7,100
2000 202 170 32 $1,773,663 $10,433 - $4,500

Seasons & Shares

Seasons & Shares Includes the sale of a breeding right or a share in a syndicated stallion.
Year Offered Sold RNAs Gross Average Average Pct.
vs. Prev. Year
Median
2018 0 0 0 $0 $0 - $0
2017 0 0 0 $0 $0 - $0
2016 0 0 0 $0 $0 - $0
2015 0 0 0 $0 $0 - $0
2014 0 0 0 $0 $0 - $0
2013 0 0 0 $0 $0 - $0
2012 5 5 0 $144,552 $28,910 -40.2 % $1,214
2011 19 17 2 $821,516 $48,324 2,136.1 % $20,000
2010 6 4 2 $8,645 $2,161 105.1 % $2,472
2009 5 3 2 $3,162 $1,054 -88.9 % $707
2008 20 17 3 $161,200 $9,482 -67.5 % $8,000
2007 13 11 2 $320,700 $29,155 77.9 % $500
2006 14 13 1 $213,096 $16,392 -88.6 % $1,500
2005 9 9 0 $1,292,857 $143,651 847.8 % $14,642
2004 85 52 33 $788,159 $15,157 -40.7 % $11,000
2003 93 64 29 $1,634,880 $25,545 5.1 % $7,500
2002 180 133 47 $3,233,569 $24,313 19.3 % $8,500
2001 59 46 13 $937,500 $20,380 -64.1 % $8,200
2000 134 98 36 $5,569,059 $56,827 - $14,000