Spring Cleaning? Don't forget Sheath Cleaning
The coming of spring is, in some ways, a rebirth. It's the time when many horse owners dig out their grooming supplies and clippers and breathe fresh life into their furry charges (aka, the Spring Cleaning Frenzy). Some owners have "The Frenzy" down to a science, but others might forget to clean of one of the darkest—and possibly dirtiest—places in the barn: your gelding's or stallion's sheath.
“Sheath cleaning is an important task associated with owning male horses that cannot be overlooked,” advised Douglas Novick, DVM, an equine veterinarian in the San Francisco Bay area of California. “Annual cleanings will help owners remove the ‘bean’ and examine the penis and surrounding tissues to ensure there are no abnormalities.”
The “bean” is an accumulation of smegma (a natural lubricating substance produced by the horse) and other debris in the urethral diverticulum, located in the head of the penis, just above the opening of the urethra (which is the where urine comes out).
“If the bean is not removed, it can in some cases grow to the size of a golf ball or bigger,” Novick said. “A bean of that size can press down on the urethra making it difficult to urinate. Occasionally it can get so big that a horse will not drop and will urinate on himself.”
Novick suggested the following tips to consider when preparing to clean your gelding’s or stallion’s sheath:
Additionally, sheath cleaning provides a time for owners to check for potential health problems that might not be readily observable on a day–to-day basis, including:
If you detect anything abnormal during sheath cleaning, it's advisable to seek veterinary attention.
And finally, despite pictures that might suggest the contrary, Novick advises, “Wear gloves. Smegma is smelly and it takes a while for the smell to go away.”
Disclaimer: Seek the advice of a qualified veterinarian before proceeding with any diagnosis, treatment, or therapy.
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