Live Foals Down 8.2% Reports TJC

The Jockey Club reports live foals down 8.2% from last year.

(By The Jockey Club)

The matings of 2008 resulted in 31,727 live foals this year, according to Live Foal Reports received by The Jockey Club as of Sept. 9, 2009. The number of live foals is down 8.2% from last year at this time when the registry had received reports for 34,561 live foals. The Live Foal Report also shows that 3,439 stallions covered 56,901 mares in North America during 2008.

As in past years, The Jockey Club estimates the reporting of live foals, at this point in time, is approximately 90% complete.

“As we announced last month, the North American registered foal crop projection for 2009 has been revised downward to 34,000 and the live foal returns to date reflect that,” said Matt Iuliano, The Jockey Club’s vice president of registration services. “Although breeding activity has been in decline for several years, the rate of decline accelerated in both the 2008 and 2009 breeding seasons so we will see fewer live foals born next year as well.”

The 2009 registered foal crop projection of 34,000 takes into account that not all live foals become registered. In addition to the 31,727 live foals of 2009 reported through Sept. 9, The Jockey Club had also received 6,755 No Foal Reports for the 2009 foaling season.

The number of stallions declined 5.5% from the 3,638 reported for 2007 at this time last year, while the number of mares bred decreased 7.1% from the 61,262 reported for 2007.

The 2008 breeding statistics are available alphabetically by stallion name through the Publications and Resources link on The Jockey Club homepage at

Iuliano emphasized that the breeding statistics are not a measurement of the live foals born in each state or province, but rather a count of state/province-sired live foals, regardless of where the foals were born. He also stressed that the statistics should not be taken to represent the fertility record of any one stallion.

Kentucky annually leads all states and provinces in terms of Thoroughbred breeding activity. Kentucky-based stallions accounted for 38% of the mares reported bred in North America in 2008 and 44.9% of the live foals reported for 2009.

The 21,620 mares reported bred to 346 Kentucky stallions in 2008 have produced 14,257 live foals, a 5.2% decrease on the 15,040 Kentucky-sired live foals of 2008 reported at this time last year. The number of mares reported bred to Kentucky stallions in 2008 declined 1.4% against the 21,938 reported for 2007 at this time last year.

Among the 11 states and provinces in which stallions covered at least 1,000 mares in 2008, only Pennsylvania produced more state/province-sired live foals in 2009 than in 2008 as reported at this time last year. The 11 states and provinces, ranked by number of state/province-sired live foals of 2009 reported through Sept. 9, are: 

Stallion Location 2008 Mares Bred 2008 Live Foals 2009 Live Foals Pct. Change
Kentucky 21,620 15,040 14,257 -5.2
Florida 5,478 3,593 2,892 -19.5
California 4,081 3,004 2,528 -15.8
Louisiana 4,011 2,009 1,896 -5.6
New York 1,908 1,098 1,080 -1.6
Texas 2,074 1,055 1,000 -5.2
New Mexico 1,666 911 783 -14.1
Ontario 1,395 768 746 -2.9
Oklahoma 1,670 704 697 -1.0
Pennsylvania 1,405 533 692 +29.8
Maryland 1,214 811 664 -18.1

The statistics include 530 progeny of stallions standing in North America but foaled abroad, as reported by foreign stud book authorities at the time of publication. In this category, 94 live foals by North American stallions were reported from Korea and 91 were reported from Ireland.

Remaining countries on the list are Thailand, 70; Venezuela, 59; Great Britain, 46; Japan, 43; Mexico, 26; Panama, 22; France, 14; Peru, 13; Argentina, 10; Jamaica, 9; India, 8; Trinidad, 7; Brazil, 5; Philippines, 5; Australia, 3; Dominican Republic, 3; and Germany, 2.

The report also includes 140 mares bred to 40 stallions in North America on Southern Hemisphere time. The majority of these mares have not foaled.

Additional information is available at

Download the 2009 Thoroughbred Live Foal Report from The Blood-Horse.