Anne M. Eberhardt

2012 Foal Crop: Slight Dip from '11

TJC releases its Live Foal Report: Crop of 2012 at 22,500; down 4.5% from last year.

The Jockey Club released it's Live Foal Report figures for 2012 Sept. 14 and notes 22,500 live foal reports have been received as of Sept. 10.  The figure is down 4.5% from this time a year ago. TJC is expecting the total  crop to come in at around 24,700 foals.

The figures are encouraging off the fact the size of the crop fell 13.5% from 2009 to 2010 after dropping 14.2% from 2008 to 2009.

Through Sept. 10, The Jockey Club reports 2,620 stallions covered 39,838 mares in North America during 2011. These matings have resulted in 22,500 live foals of 2012 being reported to The Jockey Club on Live Foal Reports. TJC estimates that the number of live foals reported is approximately 85% complete. The reporting of live foals of 2012 is down 4.5% from last year at this time when TJC had received reports for 23,558 live foals of 2011.

“The data shows the decline in breeding activity in recent years continued in the 2011 breeding season,” said Matt Iuliano, The Jockey Club’s executive vice president and executive director. “The rate of decline for live foals reported for 2012 foals of 4.5% compares to a decline of 13.5% reported a year ago and 14.2% of two years ago, so the downward trend appears to be subsiding.”

The 2012 registered foal crop projection of 24,700 takes into account that not all live foals become registered. In addition to the 22,500 live foals of 2012 reported through Sept. 10, The Jockey Club had also received 3,056 No Foal Reports for the 2012 foaling season. As the size of the foal crop declines, so too, does the number of stallions. The number of stallions declined 9.8% from the 2,904 reported for 2010 at this time last year, while the number of mares bred decreased 9.8% from the 44,184 reported for 2010.

Iuliano stated that the breeding statistics are not a measurement of the live foals born in each state or province, but are a count of live foals by conception area, regardless of where the foals were born. He also reiterated that the statistics should not be taken to represent the final fertility record of any single stallion or conception area.

Kentucky annually leads all states and provinces in terms of Thoroughbred breeding activity and this year the Bluegrass state experienced a higher percentage of declines in mares bred but it’s stallion population remained strong. Kentucky-based stallions accounted for 40% of the mares reported bred in North America in 2011 and 48.7% of the live foals reported for 2012.

The 15,918 mares reported bred to 257 Kentucky stallions in 2011 have produced 10,960 live foals, a 0.9% decrease on the 11,065 Kentucky-sired live foals of 2011 reported at this time last year. The number of mares reported bred to Kentucky stallions in 2011 declined 8.5% against the 17,401 reported for 2010 at this time last year.

Among the top 10 conception areas for live foals of 2012, only Florida stallions produced more live foals in 2012 than in 2011 as reported at this time last year. The Sunshine State saw a rise of 4.9% in the number of live foals reported, advancing from 1,565 to 1,642. However, a year ago Florida’s foal crop fell 25.4% from 2,097 to 1,565.

Sizable drops came from Texas (down 23.4% from 580 to 444), Pennsylvania (off 20.5% from 790 to 628), New Mexico (down 11.4% from 660 to 585), and Louisiana (down 11.3% from 1,516 to 1,344.


2011 Mares Bred

2011 Live Foals

2012 Live Foals

 Percent Change





















New York















New Mexico















The 2011 breeding statistics are available alphabetically by stallion name through the Publications and Resources link on The Jockey Club homepage at The Blood-Horse will soon offer a free download report that will list all stallions with nine or more foals, with a three-year history, a sorted list of foals by state, and a listing of stallions with 100 or more foals.

The statistics include 444 progeny of stallions standing in North America but foaled abroad, as reported by foreign stud book authorities at the time of publication. In this category, 110 live foals by North American stallions were reported from Republic of Korea, 66 from Saudi Arabia, and 64 were reported from Venezuela. Remaining countries on the list are Ireland, 41; Great Britain, 27; Japan, 22; Thailand, 19; Philippines, 18; Brazil, 17; France, 15; Mexico, 12; Peru, 11; Chile, 10; India, 7; Trinidad and Tobago, 4; Qatar, 1.

The report also includes 99 mares bred to 32 stallions in North America on Southern Hemisphere time. The majority of these mares have not foaled.