For centuries, horsemen have tried to breed for speed and endurance and found that the greatest genetic potential can yield disappointment as easily as reward. Consider the indomitable Secretariat, who sired a string of mostly unremarkable racers, or the supremely talented John Henry, who sprang from an unheralded sire and dam. These are not isolated i...
What traits enhance an equine athlete's potential for speed and stamina?
What you feed your mare is important to the health of her foal.
Scientists at Fort Dodge Animal Health's laboratories in Kansas City, Mo., are working to develop a vaccine against West Nile virus (WNV).
Ovarian tumors can cause severe behavioral changes in a mare. They also can limit a mare's reproductive career by damaging her internal organs, writes Dr. Christina S. Cable in the March edition of The Horse.
Digital radiography, which also is known as computerized radiography (CR), is becoming more common in equine veterinary clinics around the country.
The term "cataract" only means that there is an opacity to the lens of the eye. That opacity might be a very small spot on the lens or encompass the entire lens.
The National Veterinary Services Laboratory recently confirmed two additional equine clinical cases of West Nile virus (WNV), one in New Jersey and the other in New York. The New Jersey case involved a 4-month-old colt, the youngest horse ever known to have developed clinical illness due to WNV in the U.S.
Most equine births are uneventful, but there are some steps you can take to make sure your mare's labor and delivery are safe and successful.
A recent study showed that horses with wide jaws are not necessarily more successful athletes than their narrow-jawed counterparts.
"Just when you think it can't get much worse, it got worse," said Boyd Browning, executive vice president and chief operating officer of Fasig-Tipton, on Feb. 5. Browning was discussing complications involving the pending sale of 89 horses repossessed by Fasig-Tipton and Keeneland from the Maryland mystery buyer, Bernice L. Givens Sykes, who signed tickets for nearly $700,000 for 134 horses at the Keeneland November and Fasig-Tipton Midlantic December mixed sale and then failed to pay for them.
Radiographs of a yearling’s legs offer a unique glance into the horse’s athletic future, according to Albert Kane, DVM, MPVM, PhD, Post-Doctoral Fellow in Biomedical Sciences in the College of Veterinary Medicine at Colorado State University (CSU). At the American Association of Equine Practitioners’ recent convention, Kane presented findings of a land...
The Morris Animal Foundation is funding 14 new equine health studies during its 2001 fiscal year that will focus on colic, digestive tract disorders, foal diseases, genetics, infectious diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, pain management, and surgery.
Different workloads, stages of growth, pregnancy, and lactation require different dietary configurations for the horse. To meet those needs, horse owners often want to use supplements. However, you should realize that supplements could cause more problems than they solve, writes Dr. Joseph J. Bertone in the February edition of The Horse.
Senator Mitch McConnell (R-KY) has encouraged Ann Veneman, Secretary of Agriculture within the Bush administration, to pay special attention to horses, characterizing them as "Kentucky's number one agriculture moneymaker." Recommending to Veneman that there be more research into causes and cures of equine diseases, McConnell noted that the health of domestic horses and the ability of Americans to import and export horses are vital to the industry.
Neonatal isoerythrolysis (NI) is a blood disorder that occurs in some foals less than one week of age.
Most of us, at one time or another, have seen a horse tilt up his head and curl his upper lip in a "horse laugh." Although the expression is amusing, it actually has a practical purpose.
The economics of Thoroughbred racing are such that most owners and trainers aim to have their horses ready for racing as 2-year-olds. On the other hand, we know that lameness problems are the most important reason for wastage in Thoroughbred racehorses, and some perceive that these injuries are due, in large part, to the training and racing of horses too early in life.
Dr. Rene van Weeren of Utrecht University discussed the alliance's first major project, which involves two groups of Thoroughbred foals in New Zealand.
The most recent Journal of Parasitology contained an article that opens the door for battling equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). Researchers and others found they could use the common domestic cat as the experimental intermediate host for the life cycle of the causative protozoal parasite.
Perinatal or neonatal asphyxia is a syndrome caused by decreased oxygenation of a foal's tissues during the birth process.
Fillies mature sexually as early as the yearling year, but it can depend on the season.
Hay cubes are favored by many trainers of Thoroughbred and Standardbred racehorses because they tend to be highly digestible and less "bulky" in the gut than long-stemmed hay. But that very digestibility -- the ease and speed with which they are chewed and swallowed -- can be a potential problem.
If imprinting is done correctly, a foal will be much less likely to resist such things as shoeing and having its ears clipped. However, there are some equine behaviorists and veterinarians who aren't convinced that the procedure is a good idea in theory, or in practice.
Everyone involved in the racing industry knows that one of the major problems in training horses is keeping them free from injury. Bones, joints, tendons, and ligaments are placed under considerable strain during training and racing, and it seems inevitable that, at one time or another, all horses will suffer some kind of musculoskeletal injury. "Was...
Recent research indicates that endoscopic examination of yearlings can help determine their eventual racing success. However, researchers also showed that certain abnormalities previously considered to be indicators of poor performance were not predictive of actual athletic performance in the adult horse.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture has announced that Fort Dodge Laboratories, Inc., has been issued a conditional license for a vaccine intended to aid in the prevention of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis, more commonly known as EPM.
Researchers at the United States Geological Survey's National Wildlife Health Center in Madison, Wis., recently discovered that West Nile virus can be passed from bird to bird in a laboratory setting without the bite of a mosquito.
The twitch provides minimal restraint and it also is mildly aversive, directing the horse's attention away from veterinary or breeding shed activity.
Proximal suspensory desmitis is a common injury in equine athletes. It can affect both the front limbs and the hindlimbs, but it is most often seen in the front legs of Thoroughbred racehorses, according to Dr. Rick Arthur, a veterinarian who practices at Southern California tracks.
Triple Crown winner Seattle Slew is heading back to the breeding shed in 2001 after recovering from neck surgery in April and passing recent semen tests that indicate his fertility problems were temporary.
Mares, as a rule, are excellent mothers to their offspring, but abnormal or inadequate maternal behavior does occur in rare instances.
Race-day medication is a necessity, but there should be limits on the use of therapeutic drugs to treat horses that are competing, Eclipse Award-winning trainer Bob Baffert told the American Association of Equine Practitioners on Sunday. Baffert was the keynote speaker for the organization's annual convention in San Antonio, Texas.
Calling a fatal incident of Japanese encephalitis an "isolated incident," an official with the Hong Kong Jockey Club said its international racing festival on Dec. 17 will go on as scheduled and that it will be "business as usual" for one of the world's most successful Thoroughbred operations.
Dryland distemper usually is associated with very deep abscesses and multiple sores along the chest and midline.
A $1.2-million gift to the Center for Equine Health at the University of California, Davis, will be used to support a basic scientific study of communicable disease.
The Grayson-Jockey Club Research Foundation announced Thursday that $1-million in research funds were raised by the auction of seasons at the Keeneland November Breeding Stock Sale.
Laminitis is a condition that, once observed, should be treated immediately.
The results of a landmark, three-year study on radiographic changes in Thoroughbred yearlings will be presented during the American Association of Equine Practitioners annual convention.
Through a joint effort involving input from Thoroughbred adoption and retirement groups across the country, the Thoroughbred Adoption and Retirement Association has been established. TARA will be based in Lexington, Ky., with initial support provided by California Equine Retirement Foundation, Days End Farm Horse Rescue, and ReRun.
Juddmonte Farms' Spanish Fern died Saturday evening from internal bleeding that resulted from a fractured pelvis, suffered at the start of the Breeders' Cup Filly & Mare Turf (gr. IT) at Churchill Downs. The 5-year-old daughter of El Gran Senor pulled herself up shortly after the break, noticeably favoring her left hind leg.
Juddmonte Farms' Spanish Fern died Saturday evening from internal bleeding that resulted from a fractured pelvis, suffered at the start of the Breeders' Cup Filly & Mare Turf (gr. IT) at Churchill Downs.
In a well-conformed, well-built horse, the barefoot state is the most natural situation and probably the healthiest, depending on the work the horse is asked to do. But taking the shoes off a horse and leaving them off is not a good idea for every animal.
A certain amount of distress is a normal part of life in animals that have social attachments or home territory.
A horse with a long, thick coat of winter hair can walk around outdoors in total comfort even in sub-zero weather, if he has been properly fed.
Canker is an anaerobic infection in the superficial epithelium of the hoof (the horn-producing tissue of the foot).
Somewhere between 50%-60% of horses that suffer tendon lacerations return to some type of performance, which is often less strenuous than the previous level of work.
The main advantage of treadmill tests is the ability to monitor closely the horse during exercise. More sophisticated measurements, such as oxygen consumption and gait analysis, can be made.
Conformation in horses should be evaluated carefully, and all good judges, veterinarians, and horse owners should have a system to prevent missing any aspect.
Thoroughbred yearlings sold at public auction here and abroad often are subject to endoscopic examination of their upper respiratory tracts. Veterinarians and potential buyers are looking for evidence of deformities that could affect the ability of that young horse to breathe normally when it reaches adulthood as a trained athlete. Since some people bu...
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