With their shaggy manes and stocky bodies, they look like children's pets. They are the kind of animals that make people coo and exclaim, "How cute!" But the semi-feral ponies that roam the spacious pasture at the University of Pennsylvania's New Bolton Center (NBC) are the subjects of serious scientific research.
"A lot of the equipment you see on the television show 'ER' we have here," says Dr. Jon Palmer, an associate professor of medicine and the director of the center's neonatal program. "We have respirators, heart monitoring equipment, blood pressure monitoring equipment, and equipment that monitors exhaled gasses. We even have a defibrillator. I only wish I could get blood gasses as fast as they do on 'ER.' "
As mentioned in previous articles, Barbaro may be susceptible to other complications during his recovery because of the severity of his injury. According to veterinary surgeon Dean Richardson, horses in his case are particularly vulnerable to laminitis or other problems in the opposite foot.
Dr. Rick Arthur has been named equine medical director for the California Horse Racing Board and will advise the board on all matters relating to equine health and welfare and drug testing.
At its annual board meeting May 13, Thoroughbred Charities of America (TCA) approved grants of $1,750,000 to 136 non-profits, representing equine rescue/retraining, backstretch/jockey, research, education scholarships, and therapeutic riding facilities in 35 states.
In October 1987, Walmac International and its veterinarians went to extensive lengths to save the life of stallion Nureyev. Those efforts paid off, adding 14 years to the horse's life. When the son of Northern Dancer died this past Oct. 29 at age 24, he had been represented by 130 stakes winners. This article detailing how Nureyev was saved in 1987 was originally published in the Oct. 10, 1987 Blood-Horse.
Britain's Levy Board has committed 1,780,000 pounds over the next three years to veterinary research projects, including new studies into a greater understanding of the causes of joint injuries and fractures.
A fracture doesn't necessarily mean the death of a loyal companion or promising athlete. Orthopedic techniques have advanced greatly in the human world in the last three decades, and the equine world has moved in step. Technology has progressed so far that many times even the worst of injuries can be repaired.
A horse that had displayed symptoms of equine herpes virus has tested negative for the disease, resulting in the lifting of an embargo imposed by two West Virginia tracks on the Ohio farm where the horse was kept.
The American Horse Council announced that the Equine Species Working Group has developed an informational booklet titled "NAIS and Horses: the Facts Surrounding the National Animal Identification System as it Applies to the Horse Industry in the U.S."
Musculoskeletal injury is the main cause of wastage in Thoroughbred racehorses worldwide, with nearly 30% of all fractures being pelvic and tibial stress fractures. California studies in the late 1990s suggested fast work increased the risk of injuries, while Kentucky studies implied high-speed exercise was protective. K.L.P. Verheyen, DVM, MSc, PhD, M...
Your horse's feet are some of the most important structures contributing to his performance ability, and most people do what they can to keep them healthy. Unfortunately, things can and do go wrong with your horse that can cause hoof cracks to form. Maybe he pulled a shoe in the pasture or grabbed his heel during a competition. Perhaps conditions have...
Thousands of Thoroughbred buyers soon will be receiving surveys asking what they think about the mandatory disclosure of surgeries that cause permanent changes in the conformation of sale horses.
The impact of the deadly mare reproductive loss syndrome has been minimal on central Florida horse farms this year, but experts say steps should be taken to limit future problems in the area's vast equine industry.
Geneticists have disclosed the findings of a six-year study which, as well as discovering discrepancies in the stud book, for the first time details a direct correlation between specific genes and aspects of racing performance in Thoroughbreds.
An Arabian mare in Marion County, Florida, aborted a 310-day gestation (the foal was born dead) on March 13 that was confirmed as having mare reproductive loss syndrome (MRLS), according to Dr. Dana Zimmel, of the University of Florida's College of Veterinary Medicine.
Musculoskeletal injury is the main cause of wastage in Thoroughbred racehorses worldwide, with nearly 30% of all fractures being pelvic and tibial stress fractures. Studies in California in the late 1990s suggested fast work increased the risk of injuries, while other studies in Kentucky implied high-speed exercise was protective. K.L.P. Verheyen, DVM, MS...
A study that will research the efficacy of aminocaproic acid and conjugated estrogens as treatments for the prevention of exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) in horses has been selected to receive a one-year, $75,000 grant.
An Australian researcher says he's found a reliable way for trainers to monitor Thoroughbred racehorse fitness using global positioning system (GPS) technology measurements of velocity and heart rate during fast gallop training routines. He presented the study at the 2005 American Association of Equine Practitioners Convention, held Dec. 3-7, 2005, in Sea...
University of Wisconsin researchers found certain forelimb characteristics in growing Thoroughbreds are associated with higher birth weights, and their carpal (knee) conformation is associated with the parents'. Both genetics and environment affect forelimb conformation.
An Australian survey found that euthanasia for catastrophic forelimb injury was the most common Thoroughbred racehorse fatality. Also, sudden death (not as the result of euthanasia) contributed more to racing fatalities than previously thought. Analyzing point-of-death blood samples could help scientists better pinpoint the triggers of sudden deaths.
In an effort to control the spread of Equine Herpes Virus Type 1 (EHV-1) after consulting with the Kentucky State Veterinary Office and the Kentucky Horse Racing Authority, Keeneland will require several conditions to be met for a horse to enter its stable areas.
The Delaware Thoroughbred Racing Commission endorsed a plan Friday to implement testing for the presence of alkalizing agents - or "milkshakes" - in racehorses during the 2006 Delaware Park season.
The Maryland Department of Agriculture has lifted the hold order on Barn A at Pimlico Race Course after 21 of the 25 horses in the barn tested negative for equine herpesvirus.
Inconsistencies in racetrack surfaces account for a large number of lamenesses in racehorses, said Jeff Blea, DVM, of the Southern California Equine Foundation in Arcadia, Calif., during the Lameness in Racehorses Forum held at the 51st Annual AAEP Convention, in Seattle, Wash., Dec. 3-7, 2005. "Even though they are at the same track, the consistency of t...
A racehorse running at top speed breathes about 120 times per minute, moving about 12-15 liters of air per breath or 1,400-1,800 liters per minute. With this amount of airflow, it's not hard to imagine that any amount of airway inflammation can significantly affect performance. Unfortunately, the problem is common in horses, said Susan J. Holcombe, VMD, P...
Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH), or bleeding in the lungs after exercise, costs the United States horse racing industry a great deal--estimated at up to $260 million per year by Kenneth W. Hinchcliff, BVSc, MS, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, of The Ohio State University. During his presentation at the American Association of Equine Practitioners Conventio...
Maryland officials reported Wednesday that a horse which tested positive for equine herpesvirus type-1at Fair Hill Training Center in Cecil County, Md., last week, has recovered from its fever and has shown no signs of neurologic illness.
A Colorado State University (CSU) researcher recently reported that he and his colleagues have found significant patterns of six different signals of damage or "biomarkers" in the serum of racehorses with certain musculoskeletal diseases. This means veterinarians are much closer to being able to anticipate the injuries or problems a horse might ...
Straight conformation in the forelimb doesn't necessarily beget a more successful racehorse. This is what a research group from the University of Wisconsin's School of Veterinary Medicine discovered in a recent study. However, the group also determined that certain forelimb deviations have a negative effect only on horses' 2-year-old race records.
University of Wisconsin researchers have shown that certain forelimb characteristics in the growing foal are associated with higher birth weights, and a foal's carpal (knee) conformation is associated with the carpal conformation of both of its parents. Additionally, they implicate both genetics and the environment in the forelimb conformation of a Thorou...
An Australian researcher reported he's found a reliable way for trainers to monitor Thoroughbred racehorse fitness using global positioning system (GPS) technology measurements of velocity and heart rate during normal fast gallop training routines. David Evans, BVSc, PhD, associate professor in the Faculty of Veterinary Science at the University of Sydney...
The Kentucky Horse Racing Authority, acting on advice from the Equine Drug Research Council, unanimously approved medication withdrawal guidelines and threshold levels at a special meeting Feb. 10.
In light of recent outbreaks of the equineherpes virus (EHV-1) and the Feb. 13 opening of most Central Kentucky breeding sheds, the Kentucky Thoroughbred Farm Managers Club held a discussion at its Feb. 9 meeting on how best to prevent the spread of the virus.
Fair Hill Training Center, home to more than 400 horses, has instituted stringent guidelines to ensure the well being of all horses stabled at the facility and to provide the best opportunity for those same horses to race when entry restrictions lift later this month as nearby out of state racetracks.
While no new cases of the Equineherpes Virus (EHV-1) have been diagnosed at Penn National Race Course since a horse trained by Todd Beattie tested positive Jan. 20, the stablegate remains closed to outside horses.
In anticipation of the quarantine at Pimlico Race Course being lifted next week, 11 trainers entered 14 horses Friday for the Feb. 8 card at Laurel Park.
The Maryland Department of Agriculture placed an initial "Investigational Animal Hold Order" on Barn 1 at the Bowie Training Center Wednesday afternoon after a horse showed symptoms of equine herpesvirus.
Studies have shown that gastric squamous (the non-glandular area of the stomach) ulcers affect approximately 80-95% of racehorses, and more than half of the entire domestic horse population. A recent study from Murdoch University in Australia determined that omeprazole (a proton-pump blocker) is more effective than ranitidine (a histamine inhibitor) when ...
Hey Ralphy, a filly trained by Rodney Jenkins at Laurel Park, was infected by equine herpesvirus (EHV-1), according to the Maryland Department of Agriculture. The 3-year-old was euthanized Jan 26 with a suspected pelvic injury. A Hold Order has been placed on Barn 9, where the filly was stabled, at the central Maryland track. Jenkins has elected not to train any of his horses until the Hold Order ends.
All but one of the workhorses quarantined at Turfway Park have been cleared to return to the track on Tuesday after testing negative for the equine herpesvirus.
Though the Maryland Jockey Club has stepped up its fight against the equine herpes virus 1 that has frightened horsemen throughout the state with a quarantine of the entire Pimlico Race Course stable area, some trainers continued to worry the move may have come too late.
In the wake of a horse being diagnosed with equine herpesvirus (EHV-1) at Penn National Race Course on Friday, Philadelphia Park has banned shippers from that oval, effective immediately. Shippers from Maryland, including the Bowie Training Center, are also prohibited.
Officials at Pimlico Racecourse announced Friday that a second horse euthanized at the Maryland track is suspected to have had equine herpesvirus-1. As a result, the Maryland Department of Agriculture has placed a "hold order" on Barn 6, where the horse was stabled.
As of 5:30 p.m. on Jan. 10, there were no new cases of equine herpesvirus at Turfway Park, said Rusty Ford of the Kentucky State Veterinarian's office.
Trainer Charles Frock said Monday night that his horse News Reporter, a 5-year-old-gelding that was euthanized Jan. 2 at Pimlico Race Course, was a victim of equine herpesvirus.
A Western Kentucky training center south of Henderson was placed under quarantine by last night (Jan. 5) following tests that showed two horses in the center's one barn were positive for equine herpesvirus, according to Rusty Ford of the Kentucky state veterinarian's office.
Officials at Pimlico Race Course in Maryland have isolated five horses in the detention barn and put a "hold order" on barn 5 while they determine whether a horse stabled in the barn, who was euthanized earlier this week, was infected with equine herpesvirus.
Results received Wednesday, Jan. 4, showed that three additional horses were positive for equine herpesvirus and two were "suspect" for the virus at barns quarantined at Turfway Park in northern Kentucky.
An outrider's pony at Turfway Park that had run a fever last week and tested positive on Dec. 29, 2005, for herpesvirus developed neurologic signs on Jan.1, declined rapidly, and was euthanatized.
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