Under House Bill 2694, any individual outside of a licensed racetrack or off-track betting facility who accepts a wager or bets on the results of a race is guilty of a class six felony, which can bring imprisonment.
HB2694 amends section 5-112 of the Arizona Revised Statutes, which provide the guidelines for pari-mutuel wagering on the results of races and regulated simulcasts. Buying, selling, cashing, exchanging, or acquiring a financial interest in a pari-mutuel ticket are all considered to be accepting a wager or betting on the results of a race.
Many representatives of the Arizona horse racing industry offered their support for HB2694 during a Feb. 15 state Committee on Water and Agriculture meeting. Among the supporters were representatives of Turf Paradise, Yavapai Downs, the Yavapai Downs County Fair Association, the Arizona Horsemen’s Benevolent and Protective Association, and the Arizona Thoroughbred Breeders Association.
Account wagering, also known as advance deposit wagering, was never legalized in Arizona, which prevented Arizona racetracks from negotiating with ADW companies. Despite a lack of explicit legal consent, ADW companies still accepted bets from Arizona residents while contributing no revenue to Arizona racetracks or to purse accounts, except host-track fees on Turf Paradise and Yavapai Downs races.
With HB2694 now in effect, the ADW companies were forced to close the accounts of their Arizona customers or face felony charges.
Youbet.com, an ADW company, expressed its opinion of HB2694 in an e-mail sent to its Arizona customers, describing the law as “clearly unlawful, unconstitutional, and protectionist.” According to the e-mail, Youbet.com is “reviewing the situation with its attorneys.”
Should any ADW company challenge HB2694 in court, it could possibly contend that a wager made through an ADW that operates outside of Arizona is made in the hub state, and therefore not subject to restriction under Arizona law. To date, no judge has ruled on whether such a bet is considered to be made where the account-holder legally resides, where the ADW company’s hub is located, or where the track is located.